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Endemic Birds of Sri Lanka

Explore Sri Lanka like never before with tailor made tour packages that let you discover the country’s diverse endemic bird population. These tours take you to the island’s biodiversity hotspots, giving you a chance to photograph these colourful endemic species in their natural habitat.
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Though being a small island Sri Lanka has accommodated 494 species of birds to date, under several categories viz., endemics, resident breeders, migrants, vagrant etc. of the 482 species of birds, 289 are resident breeders. Compared to larger island nations Sri Lanka’s endemism in avian fauna is high with 30 confirmed endemics and 3 proposed endemics.

The highest concentration of endemic birds in the country is found in the wet zone and the central hill country with certain species found only in the montane regions. As such the species commonly encountered at higher elevation is the elusive Sri Lanka whistling thrush, yellow-eared bulbul, the Sri Lankan white eye and the wood pigeon. If one is lucky they might catch a glimpse of the cryptic Sri Lanka Bush Warbler.

Incidentally, there are several native species which are sought after by the ardent birder viz, Sri Lanka Frog mouth, Yellow-naped woodpecker, pygmy woodpecker and Indian courser.

Listed are the species and the best location to see same.

  • Sri Lankan spur fowl – Kanneliya
  • Sri Lanka Jungle fowl – very common in all zones of the country.
  • Serendib scopes owl – Sinharaja
  • Chestnut-backed owlet – Kitulgala, Sinharaja
  • Spot winged thrush – Sinharaja, Kanneliya, Kitulgala
  • Scaly thrush – Sinharaja
  • Red-faced malkoha – Sinharaja
  • Orange-billed babbler – Sinharaja, Peak wilderness, Kanneliya,
  • Sri Lanka blue magpie – Sinharaja, Peak wilderness, Kanneliya
  • Ashy-headed laughing thrush – Sinharaja
  • White faced starling – Sinharaja (Canopy)
  • Yellow-fronted barbet – common in the hills and wet zones.
  • Dusky blue fly-catcher – mountainous regions of the country, best bet Horton plains
  • Ceylon wood shrike – quite common in the dry zone of the country
  • Crested Drongo – Sinharaja, Kanneliya and Kitulgala
  • Yellow-eared bulbul – Horton plains, peak wilderness
  • Red-rumped swallow – somewhat common
  • Sri Lanka grey hornbill – common in all zones
  • Sri Lanka white eye – Horton plains, peak wilderness
  • Scimitar babbler – Horton plains, Sinharaja
  • Sri Lanka bush warbler – Horton plains, peak wilderness
  • Sri Lanka whistling thrush – Horton plains, fishing hut and Hakgala
  • Sri Lanka wood pigeon – Sinharaja, Horton plains
  • Layard’s parakeet – quite common in the wet and hill country
  • Sri Lanka lorikeet – somewhat common
  • Green-billed Coucal – Sinharaja, Kitulgala and Dombagaskanda
  • Black-capped bulbul – common in all zones
  • Sri Lanka Myna – Sinharaja, Knuckles
  • Brown-capped babbler – Belihul Oya and Wilpattu
  • Pompadour green pigeon – dry zone
  • Sri Lanka small barbet – common
  • Legge’s flower pecker – Sinharaja, Kanneliya, Peak Wilderness
  • Greater flameback – Quite common

With the above locations, one can be sure to photograph most of the endemics. The tour will allow you to photograph other sought after species of fauna and flora of this resplendent isle. in the most biologically rich hot spots in the country.

This 14 day exploration of Sri Lanka’s focal biologically hot spots, we can guarantee the sighting of almost 90 % of the endemic species to Sri Lanka.

We are ready to make tailor made tour packages for the explorer depending on the species you want to see. Further how many days one wants to spend photographing them. May it be bird, mammal or amphibian we can offer you the best. We are amongst the best in such tours, with well trained guides who are conversant in their respective subjects and some who have published in international peer reviewed journals to their advantage. Additionally, many of them have many years field experience in working on various conservation projects on the fauna and flora of Sri Lanka.